Eco-Innovations and Sustainability Transitions in Agricultural Production in the Global South

Agriculture contributes to climate change and to the loss of biodiversity and at the same time is strongly affected by both processes. In particular, agricultural systems in the Global South are vulnerable to climate change and face challenges of meeting both socio-economic and environmental goals. There is thus an urgent need for a sustainable transformation of agricultural production systems. While "sustainable intensification strategies" such as conservation agriculture have been discussed for decades, implementation lags behind. This is mainly rooted in poor farm-level adoption; often in a context of resource-poor smallholder farmers as well as restricting technological, institutional and market conditions.

In this session, we examine eco-innovations in agricultural production and shed light on the diffusion and adoption of such practices. It is important to consider the respective ecological and socio-economic context. We expect contributions that focus on institutional frameworks, different business models and/or human decision-making. We explicitly welcome interdisciplinary contributions that consider both natural and social science approaches.

Desirable topics:

The Special Session shall be open to a broad range of presentations that may include conceptual work, case study presentations as well as findings from field experiments. The Special Session may thus bring together human geographers and physical geographers. Since the thematic focus shall be on tropical agriculture, the regional contexts covered will most likely be African, Latin American, and South/South-East Asian regions.